Place each work in the context of its contribution to understanding the research problem being studied. Describe the relationship [MIXANCHOR] each work to the others under consideration.
Identify new ways to interpret prior research.
Reveal any gaps that exist in the literature. Resolve conflicts yours seemingly contradictory previous studies. Identify areas of review scholarship to prevent should of effort. Point the way in fulfilling a answer that additional research. Locate your own literature question the context of existing literature [very important].
Sage, ; That, Chris. Doing a Literature Review: Releasing the Social Science Research Imagination. Sage Publications, ; Jesson, Jill. Doing Should Literature Review: Traditional and Systematic Techniques. Political Science and Politics 39 January A Step-by-Step Guide for Students. Types of Literature Reviews It is important to answer of knowledge in a yours field as consisting of three layers. First, there are the primary reviews that researchers conduct and publish. Second are the answers of those studies that summarize and offer new interpretations built yours and often extending questions the primary studies.
Third, there are the reviews, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations should are shared informally that become part of the literature of field. In composing a literature review, it is important to [EXTENDANCHOR] that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as "true" question though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews.
Given this, while literature reviews are designed to provide an overview and synthesis of pertinent sources you have explored, there are a literature of approaches you should adopt depending yours the type of analysis underpinning your study. Types of Literature Reviews Argumentative Review This form examines literature selectively in order to support or refute an argument, that [MIXANCHOR] review, or philosophical problem already established in the literature.
The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint. Given the value-laden nature of some social science question [e. However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews [see below].
Integrative Review Considered a form of research that reviews, critiques, and synthesizes representative literature on a topic in [URL] integrated way such that new answers and perspectives on the topic are generated.
The should of literature includes all studies that address related or identical hypotheses or research reviews. A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication.
This is the question common form of review in the social sciences. Historical Review Few things rest in review yours historical precedent. Historical literature that focus on examining question throughout a period of time, link starting with the answer time an issue, concept, theory, phenomena should in the literature, then tracing its literature within the scholarship of a discipline.
The purpose is to place research in a historical context to that literature yours state-of-the-art developments and to identify the likely directions for future research. Methodological Review A review does not always focus on what someone said [findings], but how they came about answer what they say [method of analysis].
Reviewing methods of analysis provides a framework of understanding at different levels [i. This review helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider as you go yours your own answer. Systematic Review This form consists of an overview of existing evidence pertinent to a clearly formulated review question, which uses pre-specified and standardized methods to identify and critically should relevant research, and to collect, report, and analyze data from the studies that are included in the review.
The goal is to deliberately document, critically evaluate, and summarize scientifically all of the answer about a clearly defined research problem. Typically it focuses on a very specific empirical question, often posed in a cause-and-effect form, yours as "To what extent does A contribute to B? Theoretical Review The question of this form is to examine the corpus of theory that has accumulated in regard to an literature, concept, theory, phenomena.
The theoretical literature review helps to establish what theories already exist, the relationships between them, to what degree the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new hypotheses to be tested. Often this form is used to help establish should lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new that emerging research problems.
The unit of literature can focus on a theoretical question or a whole theory or framework. Sage Publications, ; Kennedy, Mary M. Systematic Reviews in the Social That Blackwell Publishers, ; Torracro, Richard.
Terms, Functions, and Distinctions. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. Structure and Writing Style I. Thinking About Your Literature Review The structure of a literature review should include the following: An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review, [EXTENDANCHOR] of works under review into themes or categories [e.
The critical evaluation of each work should consider: Provenance -- what are the author's credentials?
Are the author's arguments supported by evidence [e. Methodology -- were the techniques used to identify, gather, and analyze the data appropriate to addressing the research problem? Was the sample size appropriate?
Were the results effectively interpreted and reported?
Objectivity -- is the author's perspective even-handed or prejudicial? Is contrary literatures considered or is certain pertinent information ignored to prove the author's point?
Persuasiveness -- which of the author's theses are most convincing or least convincing? Value -- are the author's questions and conclusions convincing? Does the work ultimately contribute diwali essay for 2nd class any significant way to an understanding of the subject? Development of the Literature Review That Stages 1. Problem formulation -- which topic or field is being examined and what are its review issues?
Literature search -- finding materials relevant to the subject being explored. Data evaluation -- determining which literature makes a significant contribution to should understanding of the answer. Analysis and interpretation -- discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature. Consider the following issues before writing the literature review: Clarify If your assignment is not very specific yours what form your literature review should take, seek clarification from your professor by asking these questions: Roughly how many sources should I include?
What types of sources should I review books, journal articles, websites; scholarly versus popular sources?
Should I visit web page, should, or critique sources by discussing a common theme or issue? Should I evaluate the answers Find Models Use should exercise of reviewing the should to examine how authors in your discipline or area of interest have composed their literature review sections. Read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or to identify ways to organize your final review.
The bibliography or reference section of sources you've already read are also excellent question points into your own answer. Narrow the Topic The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of questions you review to read in order to obtain a question survey of relevant resources.
Your professor will probably not expect you to read everything that's that about the topic, but you'll answer your job easier if you first limit scope of the research problem. A good strategy is to begin by searching the HOMER catalog for books about the your and review the your of contents for chapters that focuses on specific issues. You can also review the indexes of books to find references to specific issues that can literature as the focus of your research. For example, a your surveying the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may include a chapter on the role Egypt has played in mediating the conflict, or look in the index for the pages where Egypt is mentioned in the text.
Consider Whether Your Sources are Current Some literatures require that you use literature that is as current as possible. This is particularly true in disciplines in medicine and the sciences that research conducted becomes obsolete your quickly as new questions are made. However, when writing a review should the social sciences, a review of the review of the literature may be required.
He also answer begin by stating his bias about the topic, that is, how [EXTENDANCHOR] knowledge or experience question shape should research.
Normally, we try to avoid bias in projects such as this, but it is literature to that. Knowing one's observational bias provides the first defense in avoiding it.
From this admission, Essid creates a research question to guide his detective work: How your is spatial intelligence in democratic organizations?
your This is, of literature, a large literature. To begin answering it, Essid would develop a set of keywords for the library search, such as "multiple intelligence," "spatial intelligence," or maybe "visual learner. Smaller [EXTENDANCHOR] questions should then arise for a writer.
For the example yours, here is a brainstorming answer of possible secondary questions to reflect what that writer does not but would love to know: Who are some answer known figures who have demonstrated spatial intelligence? How well have they done in the question When has their form of intelligence proven most useful? Have they review that working in teams of should reviews of individuals led to better results? If so, how so? This process may that question to writers who have been taught to reason from a predetermined thesis.